Pour the cheese mixture over the cabbage. Dot with the jalapeno rounds and sprinkle on some paprika. Bake until golden and bubbly, about 20 minutes. Cabbage casserole recipe is cooked with butter and a creamy sauce then topped with cheddar cheese and buttery breadcrumbs. Make something new for dinner! Try this baked cabbage casserole dish recipe. Cabbage and onion mixed with cream of mushroom soup with cheese on top.